Binding Options for your Quilt

Welsh Edge

Today I’d like to talk about binding – how to finish a quilt to give a neat and tidy edge, that will stand up to wear and tear and can be the finishing flourish to your quilt. 

There are many ways to finish the edging of a quilt. I love the very traditional Welsh edge, also known as the British, Knife or Butt edge. This was commonly used on antique quilts, especially the Welsh Wholecloth quilts. This is a simple way of finishing a quilt which leaves a clean finish and also has the added advantage of not requiring any additional fabric. For this you simply trim the wadding ¼” in from the top and backing and then fold these edges inwards, trapping the wadding inside. Traditionally this was then finished with a double run of quilting around the edge, giving a crisp finish to your quilt. I use this sort of finish quite a bit as some quilts don’t need the added frame that the below options provide.

One of the most common ways to bind the edge of your quilt is to use a Double Fold binding. The advantage of this sort of binding is that most of the wear on a quilt is at the edges and this method gives a more robust edge which can, if it wears out, be easily replaced. For this we take strips of fabric, fold in half and add to the edge, folding over to trap the raw edges of the quilt and then Slip stitch in place. There are many methods or doing this from the more usual hand finishing to fully machine applied. There are also several ways to neaten the joins and ideally we like to have a mitred fold at each of the corners. 

Free Hearts Table Runner with Double Fold Binding

Another binding method is to use a single layer binding, ideal for wall hangings where little wear is expected. I have also used this option on a table runner where a thicker Double Fold binding can create a ridge which cups and glasses can topple from! A simple strip of fabric cut, a hem turned over and ironed in place, not sewn at this stage. The raw edge joined to the quilt and then the pre-folded edge of the binding turned over and Slip stitched in place. These can be added to each side individually or as a single piece all the way around the quilt. Adding them one at a time is simpler if you think you might struggle, the only thing to watch is to ensure you keep the corners neat by turning in the raw edges.  

Now we come to the decorative edges. These come in many different styles and techniques from Prairie Points, Scallops and curved edges. There is a huge scope for adding extra interest to your quilt and they are certainly worth investigating if you are making something extra special. The only thing to bear in mind is the use of the quilt. You may not want something delicate at the edge for a quilt which is going to get a lot of wear.

The binding is the last touch, other than a label perhaps, added to your quilt and I love attaching them. It really is the last thing to get a quilt finished and is so satisfying so whichever method you choose, have fun finishing that quilt!

To help you download my simple Double Fold Binding and Welsh Edge Tutorial which also contains my Backing and Double Binding Calculations:

Wadding or Batting

Today I’m going to talk about wadding or batting. The fluffy layer that goes in the middle of the quilt to provide the warmth. Again, this is primarily for my sewing groups and I’m not going to go into a huge amount of detail, just enough to give the beginner an introduction into what is available.

Wadding, or batting as it is known as in America, was originally made from natural products. In Wales, where I live and teach, wool was a common filler. The natural fibres sometimes being picked from the hedgerows and used directly in the quilts, twigs and all. This led to the pressing of seams ‘to the dark side’ as the natural fibres were loose and able to wiggle their way out of the tiny gaps between stitches. Sometimes woollen blankets were used as the thermal layer and I have known people to still do this today.

These days we have a much larger selection of products from wool, silk, cotton, polyester, bamboo and even recycled plastic bottles! Most are bonded in some way which keeps the fibers together so escape is not so frequent. They come in white, cream and I’ve even seen black. There are different properties to each and there is plenty of information either on suppliers or manufacturers websites to help you in your decision but here is a little guidance to get you started.

Selection of waddings

Cotton/polyester mix or 80/20 is a mixture (80% cotton, 20% polyester) which is ideal for quilts that are being used. Washable and easy to handle I guess most people will start with this as I did. It is a good, allrounder. The various makes will have a different ‘handle’ and ‘drape’. If you can it is good to attend a show to feel the difference between them but some suppliers do ‘sample packs’ which can be an excellent way to choose which ones you like.

I love bamboo wadding, which I have found to have a beautiful, gentle drape but I also favour 100% cotton wadding. Another that I use, and I am currently quilting a quilt by hand and finding it fabulous, is wool. Although it feels quite thin you actually get a lovely finish when hand quilting it. Personally I have edged away from using non-natural, polyester, waddings as I don’t like the idea that tiny plastic particles from this end up in the ecosystem. Although, there are few waddings which could truly be labled eco-friendly due to the manufacturing processes.

If in doubt, 100% cotton is one to go for. Waddings can be bought as cut pieces, as meterage off the roll or even as a whole roll if you feel you would use it. When buying for a particular quilt add on 10″ to your quilt top measurements which allows for the pulling in action that occurs when you add the quilting. If you are getting your quilt finished by a long-armer then you will need to check how much they require extra as sometimes this can be 8″ each side (a total of 16″ extra).

Don’t forget to keep your off cuts of waddings. They can be used for smaller projects and do come in handy. If you happen to have some larger pieces they can also be pieced together. You do this by butting the edges, make sure they are straight first, and then either join by hand with a Ladder stitch, as below, or run through your machine with a large Zig Zag stitch. Do use a matching thread though, I’ve used a contrast here for demonstration only so you can see it clearly! You only need to hold it together until you get the quilting done. We don’t overlap these pieces when joining as this would leave a ridge running down through the quilt.

Next time we’ll be looking at the different options of binding a quilt. Until next time, take care.

Quilt Backing

I have a regular patchwork and quilting group that normally meet on a Friday afternoon but since we are in ‘interesting times’ at the moment we aren’t meeting up. Luckily we are in touch via various social media groups but that still doesn’t help when they have reached a particular stage in quilt making and need some tuition. So the next couple of blogs are for them, and anyone else that needs a bit of help.

A quick talk about quilt backing today. Once you have finished piecing the top of your quilt you need to layer it up with your particular wadding (or batting) and the backing fabric. This can be decoratively pieced making it a double sided quilt but more often people use a single fabric. When working out the backing fabric meterage you need to measure across the width and length of your quilt.

The standard width of quilting fabric is a workable amount of 106cm (42″). This allows for the removal of the selvedge. It is worth checking your chosen fabric for this measurement. You then need to calculate how many ‘drops’ of fabric you will need to cover the back of the quilt, in a similar way to calculating curtain fabric. Unless you are making a lap or smaller sized quilt you will need to join the fabric either lengthwise or across the width. Use a ½” seam and press open.

It is advisable to not run a join or seam down the middle of the backing. This may weaken over time, as quilts inevitably get folded in half, so it can be worth offsetting the seam or cutting down one of the ‘drops’ down the middle and joining it either side of a central ‘drop’ giving two offset seams. If you wish to pattern match you will need more fabric to allow for the pattern repeats of your particular fabric.

There are wider fabrics which can be more economical to use, look for 100% cotton.

Free Pattern for Ring Pincushion

This free pattern has appeared in my blog for the website UKQU before but it’s such a handy and simple thing that I had to share it here too. I find it perfect for appliqué when you have pinned an area, are sewing along and need to remove the pins quickly whilst holding a piece firmly. A quick slip of the pin out and into the ring pincushion and Bob’s your Uncle, you can continue sewing easily without loosing your grip.

The pdf download is available if you would like to keep a copy and all you need is a 4″ square piece of fabric. You can see I fussy cut the square, positioning the heart in the top half of the square. To fill any pincushion there are a variety of products which can actually help look after your pins – worth doing if you’ve invested in specialist ones for particular tasks. Wool fleece, actual wool that I’ve collected from sheep fields, is good as the lanolin helps oil the pins, stopping any corrosion. Crushed walnut shells are said to be great for helping keep your pins sharp. You can buy this online. Wire wool is another option for keeping pins sharp but I have to favour the walnut shells myself. To help fill your pincusion with the shells make a funnel out of paper to pour the shells in through. It helps if you lay some paper underneath to catch any loose bits! To help bulk out the cushion you can then fill with toy stuffing.

Ring pincushion.

We always like a free pattern for a little gift for ourselves or for a friend so why not make up one of these little cuties.

Free Heart Table Runner Pattern

Strictly Quilting – but we may end up wherever our needles take us!

As we are in lockdown at the moment and, finding I have plenty of spare time on my hands, I thought I would tackle some of my scraps. I keep far too much from tiny triangles snipped from making Half Square Triangles to narrow strips. (Yes, I also admit to keeping selvedges too!) It’s about time I used some up. I’ve been meaning to make a little runner for my kitchen Welsh dresser, which has heart cut outs and so inspired this simple, but so cute, Hearts Runner. 

The hearts had inspired the design but I did want it to be a quick make so I searched up different patterns with hearts. There are so many out there but I settled on the Dancing Valentines block, partly because it gave me plenty of hearts but on a smaller scale which is perfect for using some of my scraps. I even used some lovely red shot taffeta on some of them…

It really was a quick make until it came to the quilting! Some projects just don’t go well do they? This fell into that category. I love using smaller projects to practice my Free Motion Quilting and I decided that a variegated pink thread would work really well with a swirly line with some hearts in the centre cream square of the blocks. You know when you start something and begin to think you don’t really like it? Yep, that’s what happened but I thought, just carry on. When I had nearly finished one side I realised that I’d caught some of the backing! It had folded under without me realising. At least I could change from the pink! I unpicked the lot and started again with a cream and a gentle meandering pattern. Much better until the thread broke! I rethreaded and started again only to find, a while later, that the thread was not playing ball and I had huge ‘eyelashes’ all over the back! Jack the Ripper made another appearance and finally I finished! 

I am really pleased with it, the meandering quilting across the cream certainly helps the hearts to ‘pop’. A clever trick when quilting. This would make a lovely gift and would be wonderful for a romantic meal.

The pdf is free to download here:

Until next time and don’t forget – Keep Calm and Quilt On!

Welcome to the new Strictly Quilting Website

Strictly Quilting – but we may end up wherever our needles take us!

Well, I finally got around to setting up a new website. At a time in the world when we need hobbies to keep us busy more than ever. 

I have been keen to build a place where you can find all sorts of ideas for patchwork and quilting from free patterns, ideas and hints and tips to keeping my groups aware of what new workshops I have to offer and what I’m working on. 

Spending most of my career in an office I finally decided it was time to move on, just as COVID-19 hit. Which led me to becoming out of a job for part of the week, time to fill by creating a new website to show what is ‘Under my Needle’ and create new workshops to help develop your skills! 

Workshops are held either at The Cotton Angel, my local quilt shop, or at various locations around the beautiful town of Monmouth. One of my favourites being The Rolls of Monmouth. Set in a stunning location of rolling golf course, one of the finest in Wales, the gothic mansion is where we set up for a day sewing. Teas and coffees are provided all day and lunch can be ordered from a delicious selection from the onsite chefs.

I plan to bring in various tutors who wouldn’t normally be available in our area to learn and develop your skills with likeminded people. From beginners to those more experienced I hope you will find something to tempt you.